Narrative Components | Dream Actions

Actions speak louder than words.

—Famous Idiom

Falling in dreams

The action of falling in a dream can mean “take a fall,” loss of reputation or health, or a fallen state of being.

The action component of a dream is a primary place to focus for decoding the symbolism. Action shows symbolism. Action adds definition to your dream symbols by showing the meaning. It’s meaning in motion. Or think of it as metaphor in motion.

Stop for a moment and fully absorb that last paragraph. Most people don’t know that the actions in their dreams are symbolism. A symbol in motion is symbolism.

Action tells the dream-story. It moves the plot forward and is found in the verbs you use to describe the dream: run, swim, hide, fall, swim, float, talk, eat.

Flying can symbolize quickly getting to a destination in your life.

Hiding can mean to conceal or avoid.

Eating can mean to take something into yourself such as opinions, beliefs, knowledge or nutrition.

These actions have entries in The Dream Interpretation Dictionary and have more possible meanings than described here. Point is, learn to identify the actions of your dreams and think of them as symbolism.


Acting Out the Story

Another important point: you, as a character in the dream-story, act out the script. You act out the symbolism. You are an actor. Anytime you do something in a dream and don’t have a choice, assume it’s symbolism. It’s the bulls-eye for interpreting the dream. Focus there.

When you have a choice, view it as a reaction.

When people commit a horrible act in a dream — murder, rape, suicide — they assume it must be a moral defect or judgment when it’s just symbolism acted out.


Acting Out the Symbolism

You act out your feelings, emotions, thoughts, perceptions, and so on. For example, you act out feelings of frustration by kicking someone in a dream or act out feelings of elation by flying or floating in a dream. You act out thoughts of regret by cutting off a limb such as a hand — a limb symbolically tied with taking action. You act out perceptions of a person as untrustworthy by locking doors.

Now expand that idea and consider actions that happen to you. For example, you dream about a friend lighting you on fire and it expresses fear that the person could “burn” you by exposing intimate secrets. You dream about a co-worker crashing her car into yours, symbolizing a conflict in your schedules.

The action can be a modifier of other symbolism and point right to where meaning is found such as how you drive a car — fast, slow, forward, in reverse. The car symbolizes your life or something about it, and the movement — speed, direction, control — tells the story. Continue this discussion here:

Explore Dream Symbolism

Dream Symbolism Part I | Translate Dream Language


Action in Dream Analysis

dream interpretation dictionary

More than a dream dictionary, my book teaches you how to analyze and interpret dreams.

I begin analyzing a dream by describing it in simplest terms. The method applies to all dream symbolism, including the action. With any scene in a dream, ask yourself, what is the essence of the action(s) portrayed? For example:

  1. You’re in a restaurant ordering from a menu. The essence of what’s going on is you’re making a choice from among possibilities.
  2. You lock the doors of your house. The essence of that action is you’re protecting yourself from intrusion or trying to keep something out.
  3. You watch your father cross a bridge over a raging river. The essence of that action is you are observing your father pass over an obstacle.

Once you describe the essence of the action, compare it to your recent life. What kind of choices are you making; what are your possibilities (dream 1)?

What are you trying to protect yourself from or keep out of your life (dream 2)?

What obstacle is your father getting passed? Or what obstacle in your life are you getting passed that’s related to being a father, either in the literal sense or the figurative sense (dream 3)? Oftentimes the characters in our dreams are projections of ourselves, so the image of your father in a dream can be a projection of something about him that you also see in yourself.

As with all symbolism, you don’t look at any single detail to make your interpretation and draw your conclusions. The details all fit together to form a picture. The actions are viewed together with the settings, characters, and other symbolism, like putting together a puzzle.


Apply Dream Interpretation Techniques and Analyze the Story

Interpret the action component of a dream same as you do everything else, and analyze how it’s used in a story. That’s Step 2:

Step 2: Dream Interpretation & Story Analysis


Then Connect the Dream with your Life

Step 3: Connect Your Dreams with Your Life


Example Dreams

Here is an example to illustrate what I mean. The dreamer is a female in high school:

I walk in a line with my female peers. One at a time we walk across a platform, like a plank, that spans a dark pit. The platform is tricky and can suddenly flip over. Some of my peers fall off into the pit. I walk across and make it to the other side. I enter a room with a sign overhead that says “PROM.” Inside is a group of bored classmates and a picked-over food buffet.

This dream says so much in a couple of simple scenes. The meaning is found in the actions. First, the dreamer walks in a line with her female peers. The essence of that action is she is participating in something that other girls her age are also doing, like a rite of passage. The phrase ‘rite of passage’ is enacted by the girls walking over a dark pit and passing to the other side. More meaning is enacted when the platform flips over and dumps some of the girls into the dark pit. Think of these actions as metaphors in motion.

jm debord dream interpreter

I’m J.M. DeBord. I created the D3 system.

The scene at the end gives away the meaning when the dreamer walks into the room and finds bored classmates and a picked-over foot buffet. Along with other clues, it tells us what walking over the pit means. But let’s start from the beginning with the knowledge that becoming sexually active is the rite of passage this female teen is dreaming about.

The dream compares becoming sexually active to walking in a line with her peers. One at a time they all “take the plunge.” It’s an experience filled with potential for peril. One wrong move and a girl could get pregnant, catch a disease, or ruin her reputation. That’s the meaning of falling off the platform into the dark pit. The dreamer avoids those pitfalls when she becomes sexually active, but apparently the experience fails to live up to her expectations. She gets to the other side of the pit and enters a room marked by the word “PROM.” Prom is the big event when some of her peers lose their virginity. The bored teens and picked-over food buffet express her feelings about it. It was nothing to be excited about.


Pro Tip:

The focus of the action is your place to focus the interpretation and analysis, and the focus is usually on a story element: a setting, character, or symbol. Decode the symbolism of it! Do it first if you can. Everything else in the story revolves around that central point. For example:

You dream that you burn down a school. Burning is the action and the school is the focus of the action. If the school represents authority, burning it down represents defiance or opposition, probably. Or it could symbolize anger against authority structures or a specific authority figure. First, you have to know what the school means to you.

In the example about walking the tricky platform, the actions of walking and flipping both involve the platform. It’s the primary focus of the interpretation. Figure out that it represents a potentially risky rite of passage and all of the other details constellate around it. It shows in the symbolism and the story.


Interpret this Action: Poisoning Your Beloved Dog

In my dream everything is dark, like it is nighttime. My mother hands me a bottle and explains why I have to poison my dog. I don’t remember the reason, but it eventually makes sense to me in my dream. I pour the poison in with my dog’s kibble. She eats it. A few minutes later she starts walking slowly, becoming tired. So I sit down on the floor and hold her in my lap with both arms, waiting for her to die. Her body immediately becomes limp, heavy, and cold. I start hyperventilating and screaming.


I storm out of the room and my family, in an uncaring way, asks why I am hysterical. I explain that my mother convinced me to kill my dog and I don’t know why I did it. My mother starts laughing. I grab her by her collar and repeatedly punch her in the face. I feel the resistance in my knuckles, the smacking and cracking of bones in her face, the weight of her head snapping back. No matter how much I punch her she doesn’t seem fazed. No one stops me, they just step back and say the way I am acting is disappointing.

The main action in this dream is the dreamer poisons her dog. She’s convinced by her mother to do it. To understand the dream, first we must understand what poisoning her dog means.

Dogs are man’s best friend, and in dreams they can symbolize friends or the subject of friendship. Poisoning a friend could symbolize poisoning a relationship. The question to ask is, what’s going on in this dreamer’s life that would poison a friendship, and how is her mother involved?

dream actionsThe dreamer was being pushed by her family — her mother, especially — to marry her best friend. It led to having a huge argument with her best friend, that almost ended the relationship. Her mother is a manipulative narcissist, according to the dreamer, who tries to convince her to do things she doesn’t want to do. This background information — life context — explains the scene where she is convinced by her mother to poison her dog. Extended members of her family witness what’s happening and take mom’s side, expressed in the dream when her family asks why she’s hysterical and dismiss her feelings.

The second scene enacts the dreamer’s feelings about the situation. Punching someone in the face is a way of expressing hot anger or extreme frustration. This dreamer is both angry and frustrated with her mother, and nothing she does changes the dynamics of the situation. She can punch as hard and as much as she wants and her mom will be the same manipulative bitch.


Interpret this Action: Daughter Gets Away

I dream that I am a single dad with two daughters (I don’t actually have kids). Never wanted kids before, but I feel sick when one of them leaves and her sister tells me that she went back to our home (we were traveling). I run after her to try to catch up before she gets too far.

Dreams 1-2-3

My first book about dreams is a comprehensive beginner’s guide to dream work.

The essence of this story is that something important gets away from the dreamer and he’s trying to retrieve it. Getting away is the important action. So the question to ask is, what is something important to the dreamer that is getting away from him?

The possibilities can be narrowed down by considering the symbolism of a child. A child is a creation. A creation of the dreamer is getting away from him. Because two of his children are in the scene, it could be a creation that’s tied in with another one. Or the second child could just be a character that helps tell the story. It doesn’t necessarily have the same symbolism as the child that gets away. Another clue is found in his reaction. When he finds out the child left to go back home he feels sick and run after her.

Turns out, the dreamer had a short film project that was getting away from him, symbolized in the dream as his child (a child that is obviously symbolism since he doesn’t actually have children). He said he was “watching it dissolve around me right now.” Filming a movie usually requires travel to locations, so that could explain why the dreamer is away from home when the child gets away. And the child going back home could symbolize the idea of going back to the drawing board. Home in one sense means the place where something originates from. If the movie project falls apart, the dreamer has to start over.

When a dreamer voluntarily does something dangerous, it’s a clue that the action symbolizes something the dreamer is doing in waking life that is consciously decided. It’s done voluntarily, although voluntary might not be the best word to describe it. Perhaps “compelled” or “obligated” or a similar word might fit better, as in the next example.


Interpret this Action: Jump into Icy Hole

I am somewhere in the Arctic with snow blustering around me and my party. I am saddled with the heart wrenching and undeniable knowledge that one of us is going to have to die in order to save the others. In a noble gesture I can’t say I’d repeat in real life, I jump into what looks like an ice fishing hole and am immediately satisfied to know that I’ve saved all my peoples’ lives.


I start sinking down into the blackness, waiting for panic, fear, freezing pain and my eventual drowning death. I realize then that I’m not getting cold and I can breathe, but I’m still sinking and it’s getting darker. And I’m wildly afraid of the ocean so I decide that if I’m clearly not dying today, I better start swimming. So I begin struggling back up to the surface of the water.

The action of this dream tells the story. The dreamer jumps into an icy hole that he thinks will spell death, but he’s willing to do it to save the lives of his friends. That detail defines, metaphorically, why he risks his life.

After decoding the symbolism and thinking about how the action connects with his life, the dreamer recognizes the theme of sacrificing himself for his friends. The dream shows it exaggerated and amplified — indeed, he admits if confronted with such a situation in waking life he might not be so heroic — but it’s an apt way of describing how he sacrifices himself for his friends.

The second scene, after he jumps into the water, shows that the dreamer is coming to terms with his impulse to sacrifice himself. The dream appears to say that it’s not always necessary. He can step back and understand the personal narrative script he follows that makes him feel like it’s always his duty to sacrifice.

When figuring out the meaning of a dream, take special note of the actions. Connect them with your life. See how they help define the symbols and other connective dream details.


Explore Dream Actions Further

Rape Dreams | Interpret the Meaning and Message

Sex Dreams: Interpret the Meaning Dreams about Sex

Cheating Dreams Explained | What It Means to Cheat in a Dream

Meaning of dreams about oral sex, fellatio, blow jobs